Hack and Slash (Joan Ginard Mateo)

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About

Description

A simple hack and slash game inspired in "Hyper Light Drifter" by Heart Machine (2016). The proyect was made using the library SDL and C++ with some design patterns and doxygen documentation. Game created by Joan Ginard Mateo. Repository can be found here. Art created by Matthew Carr and music by Ryan Beveridge.

Usage
  • Arrow Keys: Movement
  • Z: Attack
  • X: Dash
  • C: Change camera type
  • ESCAPE: Quit game
Technology 

C++ with SDL

Design Patterns Singleton

This pattern has been implemented for the game managers/controllers in order to have only 1 instance of that class to prevent caos. All the necessary constructors and operators haven been deleted for this singleton classes to prevent having more than 1 copy (which also disallows instantiation outside of the class). The singleton instance of each class is a static one.

State

The state pattern has been used to define the behavior of the different AI agents, depending on which state the enemy is in, it will have a different behavior and animation. It's a very effective solution to handle multiple behaviors in an organized way.

MVC

The Model-View-Controller pattern I find a very useful strategy to have decoupled code that you can reutilize for future projects and to have an organized code structure (very necessary for scalability). What I did is basically divide the code (classes) in the ones that correspond to the Model (which would be the game logic such as 'Player.h', 'Boss.h', etc.), the ones that correspond to the View (which refers to the visuals such as the 'Renderer.h' or 'Window.h') and finally the ones that correspond to the Controller (which serves as a translator to the user's input such as 'InputManager.h'). The main purpose is to have as much decoupled logic as possible, so that if I took one class and re-impoted it in a new project it would compile without any dependencies (the less the better). Obviously, for the game to work there need to be some dependencies, but minimize them and organize the code in this 3 blocs to make it work.

Object Pooling

Object pooling has been necessary for the bullets that shoots the Boss (which aren't few). The key of this pattern is that instead of creating a new object every time you need it and when you don't need it anymore destroying it, is to have a default number of that object and instead of making a new one, you active one and when you would delete it, instead you deactive it. This way you don't cause any memory problems and it's way more efficient since you have the total number of objects already created in the beginning. Only delete the pool when you don't need it anymore (in my case when the boss dies). When activating again a bullet what I do is call a 'Reset()' method which acts similar to a constructor to activate that bullet and place it correctly again, etc.

Credits

Joan Ginard - Programmer & Designer

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Developer
Joan Ginard Mateo
Age rating
Not rated
Hack and Slash (Joan Ginard Mateo) screenshot, image №2200198 - RAWG
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Last Modified: Oct 11, 2019

Where to buy

itch.io